Teaching English to people who speak other languages is a rewarding thing, because there is great amount of people all over the world who are eager to teach English as a Second Language. While teaching English as a second language the teacher should follow the next directives:
- Apply such non-verbal cues as facial expressions, hand gestures and other non-verbal cues to get rid of the language barrier. If you are eager to explain the meaning of the word”tall”, raise your hand high into the air. If you are eager to explain the meaning of the word”cold”, shiver and chatter your teeth.
- Apply visual aids. A simple picture can replace a long description and it is especially effective while teaching English as a second language. Visual aids are universal, because they are applied to teach everything beginning from vocabulary and ending prepositions. Visual aids have instructional benefits, they make lessons interesting, they can maintain and activate the students’ interest. It is recommended to apply an overhead or slide projector for the performance of effective presentations.
- Divide students into groups. The teacher, who is always talking, does not give learners of English as a second language a possibility for practice and communication. Group work is an effective way of starting practicing a foreign language. The best number of participants in groups is from 2 to 5 people. If the number of participants is more, some learners will not have a chance of a foreign language practice. It is effective to make up groups of students who have various first languages.
- Apply bi-lingual materials. If the teacher and the students speak the same language(s) as, the attitude to learning a foreign language will be different, it will be easier to teach and learn a foreign language. Frequently, teachers do not speak the same language(s) as his/her students do. In such case, a teacher of English as a second language can apply bi-lingual materials to draw on a student’s native language, because they speak their native language.
- Repeat and rephrase. Teachers of English as a second language should repeat everything at least three times. It is strongly recommended to change the wording of their remarks. A student may understand one set of vocabulary but do not understand another one – even when the topic of discussion is the same. After the first explanation of a word or word-combination, the student can be able to understand the new variation of a concept or its repetition. Such technique is quite effective, because it enlarges the students’ vocabulary with new words and phrases.
- Don’t correct too much. Teachers of English as a second language have a strong desire to correct student language errors immediately. If you correct them too much, students will be uncertain and reluctant to apply the language. They will be afraid that they will make many mistakes and will be corrected every time they speak. They will lose the wish to speak and, finally, the wish to learn the foreign language. It does not mean that the teacher should not correct language errors at all; there are appropriate times to correct language mistakes. If you dicuss something , for example, the past tense during the whole class, it is necessary to correct students when they make mistakes in building op and use of the past tense.
- Create a safe, friendly and comfortable atmosphere. It is difficult to learn English as a second language. Besides, it is not safe emotionally. Students understand that their knowledge, skills and abilities are not enougn to speak English well, they feel self-conscious and do not want to practice the language. The teacher of English as a second language should create a safe, friendly and comfortable atmosphere, where the student will be always able to experiment with the language, because the teacher supports him. A teacher, who laughs at students or puts them down, is intolerant and rude. His behavious causes negative attitude of the students to the teacher and his subject. A teacher, who supports and cheers up students, causes a positive attitude to him and to his subject.