Teach English Abroad   Country Information

Simply browse through the valuable essential information about the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in order to know everything about this country when deciding to teach English there.
 
Country Information

vietnamNational name: Công Hòa Xa Hôi Chú Nghia Viêt Nam
President: Tran Duc Luong (1997)
Prime Minister: Phan Van Khai (1997)
Area: 127,243 sq mi (329,560 sq km)
Monetary unit: Dong

Population (2005 est.): 83,535,576
- growth rate: 1.0%;
- birth rate: 17.1/1000;
- infant mortality rate: 25.9/1000;
- life expectancy: 70.6;
- density per sq mi: 657

Capital (2003 est.): Hanoi, 2,543,700 (metro. area), 1,396,500 (city proper)

Largest cities:
- Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), 5,894,100 (metro. area), 3,415,300 (city proper);   
- Haiphong, 581,600;
- Da Nang, 452,700;
- Hué 271,900;
- Nha Trang, 270,100;
- Qui Nho'n, 199,700

Languages:
- Vietnamese (official);
- English (increasingly favored as a second language);
- some French,
- Chinese,
- Khmer;
- mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)

Ethnicity/race:
- Vietnamese 85%-90%,
- Chinese,
- Hmong,
- Thai,
- Khmer,
- Cham,
- mountain groups 
Religions:
- Buddhist,
- Hoa Hao,
- Cao Dai,
- Christian (predominantly Roman Catholic, some Protestant),
- indigenous beliefs,
- Muslim  

Literacy rate: 94% (2003 est.)

Economic summary:
- GDP/PPP (2004 est.): $227.2 billion; per capita $2,700.
- Real growth rate: 7.7%.
- Inflation: 9.5%.
- Unemployment: 1.9%.
- Arable land: 20%.
- Agriculture: paddy rice, corn, potatoes, rubber, soybeans, coffee, tea, bananas, sugar; poultry, pigs; fish.
- Labor force: 42.98 million; agriculture 63%, industry and services 37% (2000 est.).
- Industries: food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building, mining, cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, coal, steel, paper.
- Natural resources: phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, forests, hydropower.
- Exports: $19.88 billion (f.o.b., 2003 est.): crude oil, marine products, rice, coffee, rubber, tea, garments, shoes.
- Imports: $22.5 billion (f.o.b., 2003 est.): machinery and equipment, petroleum products, fertilizer, steel products, raw cotton, grain, cement, motorcycles.
- Major trading partners: U.S., Japan, Australia, China, Germany, Singapore, UK, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand.

Communications:
- Telephones: main lines in use: 2.6 million (2000); mobile cellular: 730,155 (2000).
- Radio broadcast stations: AM 65, FM 7, shortwave 29 (1999).
- Radios: 8.2 million (1997).
- Television broadcast stations: at least 7 (plus 13 repeaters) (1998).
- Televisions: 3.57 million (1997).
- Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 5 (2000).
- Internet users: 400,000 (2002).

Transportation:
- Railways: total: 3,142 km (2002).
vietnam- Highways: total: 93,300 km; paved: 23,418 km; unpaved: 69,882 km (1999 est.).
- Waterways: 17,702 km navigable; more than 5,149 km navigable at all times by vessels up to 1.8 m draft.
- Ports and harbors: Cam Ranh, Da Nang, Haiphong, Ho Chi Minh City, Ha Long, Quy Nhon, Nha Trang, Vinh, Vung Tau.
- Airports: 47 (2002).