Teach English Abroad   Country Information

Check out the valuable essential information relating to Republic of Turkey in order to get to know more details about this country when making the decision to teach English there.
 
Country Information
turkeyNational name: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
President: Ahmet Necdet Sezer (2000)
Prime Minister: Recep Tayyip Erdogan (2003)
Area: 301,382 sq mi (incl. 9,121 in Europe) (780,580 sq km)
Monetary unit: Turkish lira (YTL)

Population (2005 est.): 69,660,559
- growth rate: 1.1%;
- birth rate: 16.8/1000;
- infant mortality rate: 41.0/1000;
- life expectancy: 72.4;
- density per sq mi: 231

Capital (2003 est.): Ankara, 3,582,000 (metro. area), 3,456,100 (city proper)
Largest cities:
- Istanbul, 10,048,900 (metro. area), 9,419,000 (city proper);
- Izmir, 2,398,200;
- Bursa, 1,288,900;
- Adana, 1,219,900;
- Gaziantep, 979,500

Language:
- Turkish (official),
- Kurdish,
- Arabic,
- Armenian,
- Greek 
Ethnicity/race:
- Turkish 80%,
- Kurdish 20% (estimated)  
Religion:
- Islam (mostly Sunni) 99.8%,
- other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)
Literacy rate: 87% (2003 est.)  
  
Economic summary:
- GDP/PPP (2004 est.): $508.7 billion; per capita $7,400.
- Real growth rate: 8.2%.
- Inflation: 9.3%.
- Unemployment: 9.3% (plus underemployment of 4.0%).
- Arable land: 31%.
- Agriculture: tobacco, cotton, grain, olives, sugar beets, pulses, citrus; livestock.
- Labor force: 25.3 million; note: about 1.2 million Turks work abroad; agriculture 40%, services 38%, industry 22% (2001).
- Industries: textiles, food processing, autos, mining (coal, chromite, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper.
- Natural resources: antimony, coal, chromium, mercury, copper, borate, sulfur, iron ore, arable land, hydropower.
- Exports: $49.12 billion (f.o.b., 2003 est.): apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transport equipment.
- Imports: $62.43 billion (f.o.b., 2003 est.): machinery, chemicals, semi-finished goods, fuels, transport equipment.
- Major trading partners: Germany, U.S., UK, Italy, France, Russia, Switzerland.

Communications:
- Telephones: main lines in use: 19.5 million (1999); mobile cellular: 17.1 million (2001).
- Radio broadcast stations: AM 16, FM 107, shortwave 6 (2001).
- Radios: 11.3 million (1997).
- Television broadcast stations: 635 (plus 2,934 repeaters) (1995).
- Televisions: 20.9 million (1997).
- Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 50 (2001).
- Internet users: 2.5 million (2002).

Transportation:
maidens_tower_turkey- Railways: total: 8,607 km (2002).
- Highways: total: 385,960 km; paved: 131,226 km (including 1,749 km of expressways); unpaved: 254,734 km (1999).
- Waterways: about 1,200 km.
- Ports and harbors: Gemlik, Hopa, Iskenderun, Istanbul, Izmir, Kocaeli (Izmit), Icel (Mersin), Samsun, Trabzon.
- Airports: 120 (2002).