Teach English Abroad   Country Information

Find out here the valuable basic information concerning Taiwan that is the Republic of China in order to know everything about this country when making the decision to teach English there.
 
Country Information

taiwanPresident: Chen Shui-bian (2000)
Prime Minister: Frank Hsieh (2005)
Area: 13,892 sq mi (35,980 sq km)
Monetary unit: Taiwan dollar

Population (2005 est.): 22,894,384
- growth rate: 0.6%);
- birth rate: 12.6/1000;
- infant mortality rate: 6.4/1000;
- life expectancy: 77.3;
- density per sq mi: 1,648

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Taipei, 7,871,900 (metro. area), 2,722,600 (city proper)
Other large cities:
- Kaohsiung, 1,514,900;
- Tai Chung, 1,069,900;
- Tainan, 755,800;
- Keelung, 410,500

Language:
- Chinese (Mandarin, official),
- Taiwanese (Min),
- Hakka dialects  
Ethnicity/race:
- Taiwanese (including Hakka) 84%,
- mainland Chinese 14%, aborigine 2% 
Religions:
- mixture of Buddhist,
- Confucian, and Taoist 93%,
- Christian 4.5%,
- other 2.5%  
  
Literacy rate: 86% (1980)

Economic summary:
- GDP/PPP (2004 est.): $576.2 billion; per capita $25,300.
- Real growth rate: 6%.
- Inflation: 1.7%.
- Unemployment: 4.5%.
- Arable land: 24%.
- Agriculture: rice, corn, vegetables, fruit, tea; pigs, poultry, beef, milk; fish.
- Labor force: 10.22 million; services 58%, industry 35%, agriculture 7% (2001 est.).
- Industries: electronics, petroleum refining, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing.
- Natural resources: small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, asbestos.
- Exports: $143 billion (f.o.b., 2003 est.): machinery and electrical equipment 54%, metals, textiles, plastics, chemicals.
- Imports: $119.6 billion (f.o.b., 2003 est.): machinery and electrical equipment 44.5%, minerals, precision instruments.
- Major trading partners: Hong Kong, U.S., Japan, China, South Korea.

Communications:
- Telephones: main lines in use: 12.49 million (Sept. 2000); mobile cellular: 16 million (Sept. 2000).
- Radio broadcast stations: AM 218, FM 333, shortwave 50 (1999).
- Radios: 16 million (1994).
- Television broadcast stations: 29 (plus two repeaters) (1997).
taiwan_temple- Televisions: 8.8 million (1998).
- Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 8 (2000).
- Internet users: 11.6 million (2001).

Transportation:
- Railways: total: 1,108 km (519 km electrified) (2002).
- Highways: total: 35,931 km; paved: 31,583 km (including 608 km of expressways); unpaved: 4,348 km (2000).
- Ports and harbors: Chi-lung (Keelung), Hua-lien, Kao-hsiung, Su-ao, T'ai-chung.
- Airports: 39 (2002).