Teach English Abroad   Country Information

Study carefully the following valuable fundamental information concerning the Russian Federation in order to know more details about this country when deciding to teach English there.
 
Country Information
kremlin

National name: Russian Federation
President: Vladimir Putin (2000)
Prime Minister: Mikhail Fradkov (2004)
Area: 6,592,735 sq mi (17,075,200 sq km)
Monetary unit: Ruble  
Population (2005 est.): 143,420,309
- growth rate: -0.4%;
- birth rate: 9.8/1000;
- infant mortality rate: 15.4/1000;
- life expectancy: 67.1;
- density per sq mi: 22  

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Moscow, 11,970,500 (metro. area), 8,368,200 (city proper)

Other large cities:
- St. Petersburg, 4,582,300;
- Novosibirsk, 1,395,500;
- Nizhny Novgorod, 1,340,900;
- Yekaterinburg, 1,256,600;
- Samara, 1,146,800;
- Kazan, 1,113,600;
- Ufa, 1,096,600;
- Chelyabinsk, 1,080,000;
- Perm, 998,800;
- Volgograd, 984,200  
 Ethnicity/race:
- Russian 81.5%,
- Tatar 3.8%,
- Ukrainian 3%,
- Chuvash 1.2%,
- Bashkir 0.9%,
- Byelorussian 0.8%,
- Moldavian 0.7%,
- other 8.1% (1989)
 
Languages:
- Russian,
- others  
Religions:
- Russian Orthodox,
- Islam,
- others  
 
Literacy rate: 100% (2003 est.)

Economic summary:
- GDP/PPP (2004 est.): $1.408 trillion; per capita $9,800.
- Real growth rate: 6.7%.
- Inflation: 11.5%.
- Unemployment: 8.3%, plus considerable underemployment.
- Arable land: 7%.
- Agriculture: grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, vegetables, fruits; beef, milk.
- Labor force: 71.83 million; agriculture 12.3%, industry 22.7%, services 65%.
- Industries: complete range of mining and extractive industries producing coal, oil, gas, chemicals, and metals; all forms of machine building from rolling mills to high-performance aircraft and space vehicles; shipbuilding; road and rail transportation equipment; communications equipment; agricultural machinery, tractors, and construction equipment; electric power generating and transmitting equipment; medical and scientific instruments; consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts.
- Natural resources: wide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, timber; note: formidable obstacles of climate, terrain, and distance hinder exploitation of natural resources.
- Exports: $134.4 billion (2003 est.): petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, wood and wood products, metals, chemicals, and a wide variety of civilian and military manufactures.
- Imports: $74.8 billion (2003 est.): machinery and equipment, consumer goods, medicines, meat, sugar, semifinished metal products.
- Major trading partners: Germany, Italy, Netherlands, China, U.S., Ukraine, Belarus, Switzerland, Kazakhstan, France.

Communications:
- Telephones: main lines in use: 30 million (1998); mobile cellular: 19 million (January 2003).
- Radio broadcast stations: AM 420, FM 447, shortwave 56 (1998).
- Radios: 61.5 million (1997).
- Television broadcast stations: 7,306 (1998).
- Televisions: 60.5 million (1997).
- Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 300 (June 2000).
- Internet users: 18 million (2002).

Transportation:
- Railways: total: 87,157 km (2002).
st_basils_cathedral- Highways: total: 532,393 km; paved: 358,833 km; unpaved: 173,560 km (2000).
- Waterways: 95,900 km (total routes in general use) (Jan. 1994).
- Ports and harbors: Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinsky, Arkhangel'sk, Astrakhan', De-Kastri, Indigirskiy, Kaliningrad, Kandalaksha, Kazan', Khabarovsk, Kholmsk, Krasnoyarsk, Lazarev, Mago, Mezen', Moscow, Murmansk, Nakhodka, Nevel'sk, Novorossiysk, Onega, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, Rostov, Shakhtersk, Saint Petersburg, Sochi, Taganrog, Tuapse, Uglegorsk, Vanino, Vladivostok, Volgograd, Vostochnyy, Vyborg.
- Airports: 2,743 (2002).