Teach English Abroad   Country Information

Learn more about the climate, political and social organization of life in Ecuador. Read main facts and statistics to get acquainted with general country information.
 
Country Information

country-informationOfficial Name: Republic of Ecuador
Area: 256.370 sq km , 98.985 sq mi
Population: 13.810.000
Official Language: Spanish
Religion: Roman Catholic (95%)
Capital: Quito
President: Rafael Correa (2007)
Currency: US $ (USD)

Geography and Climate

• Ecuador borders on Colombia and Peru
• Climate: tropical along the coast and in the Amazon region, and cooler in the highlands
• Terrain: coastal plain (Costa), inter-Andean highlands (Sierra), rolling eastern rainforest plain (Oriente) & the Galapagos Island Archipelago
•  Highest point: Chimborazo Volcano, 6,310 meters
• Natural hazards: frequent earthquakes, landslides, volcanic activity, and periodic droughts
• Natural resources: oil, fish, timber, and various minerals
• Largest cities: Guayaquil, 2,597,600 (metro. area), 2,013,500 (city proper); Cuenca, 285,700
• Administrative division: 21 provinces divided into 199 cantons

People

• Birth rate: 21.9 per 1000 people (est. 2007)
• Life expectancy: 76.6 (est. 2007)
• Density: 129 people per sq mi
• Ethnicity: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white, 65%), Amerindians (25%), Euro-Americans (6%), Afro-Americans (3%), and Oriental (1%), others (indigenous nationalities)
• Languages spoken: Spanish (official), Quichua (most widely spoken indigenous language), English (spoken by professionals)
• Literacy rate: 93% (est. 2003)

Economy

• GDP: 41%
• Real growth rate: 2.6% (est. 2007)
• Arable rate: 6%
• Agriculture: bananas, coffee, cocoa, rice, potatoes, manioc, plantains, sugarcane; cattle, sheep, pigs, pork, beef, dairy products; fish, shrimp, balsa wood.
• Labor force: 4.6 million (est. 2007)
• Population distribution by occupation: 8% - agriculture, 24% - industry, 68% - services (est. 2001)
• Export: petroleum, bananas, cut flowers, shrimp
• Import: vehicles, medicinal products, telecommunications equipment, electricity
• Main trading partners: U.S., Peru, Italy, Colombia, Brazil, Chile, Panama

Communications and Transportation

• Railroads: 966 km (est. 2006)
• Highways: 43,197 km
• Roads paved: 18,9% (est. 2000)
• Waterways: 1,500 km (most inaccessible)
• Ports and harbors: Esmeraldas, Guayaquil, La Libertad, Manta, Puerto Bolivar
• Airports: 406