Teach English Abroad   Country Information

Simply browse through the helpful fundamental information with reference to the Republic of Colombia in order to get to know more about this country when deciding to teach English there.
 
Country Information

church_built_in_a_gorge_near_ipiales-colombiaNational name: República de Colombia
President: Alvaro Uribe (2002)
Area: 439,733 sq mi (1,138,910 sq km)
Monetary unit: Colombian Peso

Population (2005 est.): 42,954,279
- growth rate: 1.5%;
- birth rate: 20.8/1000;
- infant mortality rate: 21.0/1000;
- life expectancy: 71.7;
- density per sq mi: 98

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Santafé de Bogotá, 6,837,800
 
Other large cities:
- Cali, 2,283,200;
- Medellín, 1,957,800;
- Barranquilla, 1,330,400;
- Cartagena, 901,500  
Ethnicity/race:
- mestizo 58%,
- white 20%,
- mulatto 14%,
- black 4%,
- mixed black-Amerindian 3%,
- Amerindian 1% 
  Language: Spanish

Religion: Roman Catholic 90%

Literacy rate: 93% (2003 est.)

Economic summary:
- GDP/PPP (2004 est.): $281.1 billion; per capita $6,600.
- Real growth rate: 3.6%.
- Inflation: 5.9%.
- Unemployment: 13.6%.
- Arable land: 2%.
- Agriculture: coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables; forest products; shrimp.
- Labor force: 20.7 million; services 46%, agriculture 30%, industry 24% (1990).
- Industries: textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds.
- Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower.
- Exports: $12.96 billion (f.o.b., 2003 est.): petroleum, coffee, coal, apparel, bananas, cut flowers.
- Imports: $13.06 billion (f.o.b., 2003 est.): industrial equipment, transportation equipment, consumer goods, chemicals, paper products, fuels, electricity.
- Major trading partners: U.S., Venezuela, Ecuador, Mexico, Japan, Brazil, Germany.

Communications:
- Telephones: main lines in use: 5,433,565 (Dec. 1997); mobile cellular: 1,800,229 (Dec. 1998).
- Radio broadcast stations: AM 454, FM 34, shortwave 27 (1999).
- Radios: 21 million (1997).
- Television broadcast stations: 60 (includes seven low-power stations) (1997).
- Televisions: 4.59 million (1997).
- Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 18 (2000).
- Internet users: 1.15 million (2002).

Transportation:
colombia- Railways: total: 3,304 km (2002).
- Highways: total: 110,000 km; paved: 26,000 km; unpaved: 84,000 km (2000). Waterways: 18,140 km, navigable by river boats (April 1996).
- Ports and harbors: Bahia de Portete, Barranquilla, Buenaventura, Cartagena, Leticia, Puerto Bolivar, San Andres, Santa Marta, Tumaco, Turbo.
- Airports: 1,050 (2002).