Teach English Abroad   Country Information

Check out the fundamental information about the Republic of Brazil in order to be prepared for the life in this country in case of deciding to teach English there.
 
Country Information
brazilNational name: República Federativa do Brasil
President: Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (2003)
Area: 3,286,470 sq mi (8,511,965 sq km)
Capital (2003 est.): Brasília, 2,160,100
Monetary unit: Real

Population (2005 est.):
- 186,112,794 (growth rate: 1.1%);
- birth rate: 16.8/1000;
- infant mortality rate: 29.6/1000;
- life expectancy: 71.7;
- density per sq mi: 57 
   Language:
   - Portuguese (official),
   - Spanish,
   - English,
   - French  

Largest cities:
  - São Paulo, 18,847,400 (metro. area),
- 10,195,000 (city proper);
- Rio de Janeiro, 11,437,100 (metro. area), 6,119,800 (city proper);
- Salvador, 2,590,400;
- Belo Horizonte, 2,347,500;
- Recife, 1,485,500;
- Porto Alegre, 1,372,700

Ethnicity/race:
- white (includes Portuguese, German, Italian, Spanish, Polish) 55%,
- mixed white and black 38%,
- black 6%,
- other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 1%

Religion: Roman Catholic 80%
Literacy rate: 80% (2003 est.)

Economic summary:
- GDP/PPP (2004 est.): $1.492 trillion; per capita $8,100.
- Real growth rate: 5.1%.
- Inflation: 7.6%.
- Unemployment: 11.5%.
- Arable land: 7%.
- Agriculture: coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef.
- Labor force: 89 million; services 53%, agriculture 23%, industry 24%.
- Industries: textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment.
- Natural resources: bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber.
- Exports: $73.28 billion (f.o.b., 2003 est.): transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee, autos.
- Imports: $48.25 billion (f.o.b., 2003 est.): machinery, electrical, and transport equipment, chemical products, oil.
- Major trading partners: U.S., Argentina, Germany, China, Netherlands, France.

Communications:
- Telephones: main lines in use: 17.039 million (1997); mobile cellular: 4.4 million (1997).
- Radio broadcast stations: AM 1,365, FM 296, shortwave 161 (of which 91 are collocated with AM stations) (1999).
- Radios: 71 million (1997).
- Television broadcast stations: 138 (1997).
- Televisions: 36.5 million (1997).
- Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 50 (2000).
- Internet users: 13.98 million (2002).

brazilTransportation:
- Railways: total: 31,543 km (1,981 km electrified) (2002).
- Highways: total: 1,724,929 km; paved: 94,871 km; unpaved: 1,630,058 km (2000).
- Waterways: 50,000 km.
- Ports and harbors: Belem, Fortaleza, Ilheus, Imbituba, Manaus, Paranagua, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande, Salvador, Santos, Vitoria.
- Airports: 3,590 (2002).