Teach English Abroad   Country Information

Look through the comprehensive essential information concerning the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria in order to be prepared for the life in this country when deciding to teach English there.
 
Country Information
algeriaNational name: Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Shabiyah
President: Abdel-Aziz Bouteflika (1999)
Area: 919,590 sq mi (2,381,740 sq km)

Population (2005 est.): 32,531,853
- growth rate: 1.2%;
- birth rate: 17.1/1000;
- infant mortality rate: 31.0/1000;
- life expectancy: 73.0; density per sq mi: 35

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Algiers, 3,917,000 (metro. area), 1,742,800 (city proper)

Monetary unit: Dinar
Literacy rate: 70%

Other large cities:
- Oran, 752,200;
- Constantine, 530,100;
- Batna, 278,100;
- Annaba, 246,700 
Languages:
- Arabic (official),
- French,
- Berber dialects 
 Ethnicity/race:
- Arab-Berber 99%,
- European less than 1% 
 Religion:
- Islam (Sunni) 99% (state religion),
- Christian and Jewish 1% 

Economic summary:
- GDP/PPP (2004 est.): $212.3 billion; per capita $6,600.
- Real growth rate: 6.1%.
- Inflation: 3.1%.
- Unemployment: 25.4%.
- Arable land: 3%.
- Agriculture: wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle.
- Labor force: 9.91 million; agriculture 14%, industry 13.4%, construction and public works 10%, trade 14.6%, government 32%, other 16% (2003 est.).
- Industries: petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing.
- Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc.
- Exports: $24.96 billion (f.o.b., 2003 est.): petroleum, natural gas, and petroleum products 97%.
- Imports: $12.42 billion (f.o.b., 2003 est): capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods.
- Major trading partners: Italy, Spain, France, U.S., Brazil, Germany

Communications:
- Telephones: main lines in use: 2.3 million (1998); mobile cellular: 33,500 (1999).
- Radio broadcast stations: AM 25, FM 1, shortwave 8 (1999).
- Radios: 7.1 million (1997).
- Television broadcast stations: 46 (1995).
- Televisions: 3.1 million (1997).
- Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000).  
- Internet users: 180,000 (2001). 
 
Transportation:
- Railways: total: 3,973 km (2002).
- Highways: total: 104,000 km; paved: 71,656 km (including 640 km of expressways); unpaved: 32,344 km (1999).
- Ports and harbors: Algiers, Annaba, Arzew, Bejaia, Beni Saf, Dellys, Djendjene, Ghazaouet, Jijel, Mostaganem, Oran, Skikda, Tenes.
- Airports: 136 (2002).